Roe Buck

Common name – Roe Deer

Latin name – Capreolus capreolus


Native to Britain since the Mesolithic Period (6,000 to 10,000 years ago), they became extinct in England by 1800 due to over-hunting and forest clearances, but held on in Scotland.  Since their re-introduction by the Victorians, Roe deer have spread throughout the UK.


Geographical distribution

Roe deer are widely found in the edges of woods, forests, copses, scrub and hedgerows and around farmland; they are also spreading to more urban areas, such as cemeteries and city parks.



Social behaviour

Roe deer can often be seen alone or in small groups when feeding in open areas or during winter months.  They are active throughout the day and night but particularly so at dawn and dusk.  Like reds they lie-up or rest whilst digesting food.

roe does


Management notes

Roe can cause notable damage to crops and young trees and need culling so that good environmental outcomes – and a sustainable, healthy roe deer population – can be achieved.

Stalking opportunities are challenging, and coupled with good quality game meat, these can provide positive incentives for landowners to gain additional income.

roe doe

Breeding season

The breeding season or rut occurs in late July and early August but a delay mechanism within pregnant females means that one or two offspring or kids are not born until the following May or June when conditions can be ideal for their survival.  Females can give birth at two years old.

Shooting season 

RoeEngland & WalesScotland
BucksApr 1st - Oct 31stApr 1st - Oct 31st
DoesNov 1st - Mar 31stOct 21st - Mar 31st

Medal information

A bronze medal will generally need a dry (90 days after being prepared) full skull weight of at least 455 g, and a volume of at least 150 ccs. A silver medal will probably require a dry full skull weight of at least 510 g and a volume of at least 165 ccs, with a gold medal normally requiring a dry for skull weight of 570 g and a volume of 200 ccs. However there is considerable variation due mainly to the age of the buck and also the quality of the beauty points. Nevertheless a trophy of 26 cm in main beam length with the above required weight and volume for bronze should achieve this colour medal with average marks for each of the beauty points and full marks for span.

Links to DSUK articles –